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  • Evolving Square
  • Background

The Gwanghwamun Square Area is the Central
Space of the Republic of Korea


  • Pivotal Space reflecting millennial national management philosophy and people-oriented idea


  • Scene of Popular Will that created the history from the March 1st Independence Movement to the Candlelight Revolution


  • Representative Citizen-centered Space where various citizens’ activities take place

Current Issues of
Gwanghwamun Square

  • Lack of historical space in front of Gwanghwamun Gate
  • Severance in the middle of the road
  • Not enough convenience facilities for citizens
  • Space filled with noise and exhaust gas

Changes in Conditions

  • Creating pedestrian accommodation in the heart of the city
  • Reassuring Group Agreement through a number of Public discussions

Designation of Green Traffic Promotion District in Downtown Area of the Seoul City Wall

(Notice of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, No. 2017-144, March, 15, 2017)

Promotion of a traffic policy transforming the car-centered downtown area into the pedestrian-centered area

Current Issues of
Gwanghwamun Square

  • Lack of historical space in front of Gwanghwamun Gate

  • Severance in the middle of the road

  • Not enough convenience facilities for citizens

  • Space filled with noise and exhaust gas

Changes in Conditions

  • Creating pedestrian accommodation in the heart of the city
  • Reassuring Group Agreement through a variety of(or a number of) Public discussions

Designation of Green Traffic Promotion District in Downtown Area of the Seoul City Wall

(Notice of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, No. 2017-144, March, 15, 2017)

Promotion of a traffic policy transforming the car-centered downtown area into the pedestrian-centered area

Lack of Communication with Civic Groups and
Local Residents even after Three Years of Effort

Intensified the communication with citizens enormously since September last year, promoted the project according to citizens’ opinions Promotion of communication with citizens (September 2019 – 2020), establishment of development direction (January – February, 2020), implementation of design and procedures (March – October, 2020)

Collection of Opinions September – December, 2019

Establishment of Principles and Directions
(Spatial Structure) Development of Gwanghwamun Square and Management of the Vicinity of Gwanghwamun Gate

  • Grand Citizen Open Debate

    Target : Citizen Council, Civic Group, Outside Experts

    (First) October 18, (Second) November 7, (Third) November 27, (Fourth) December 4

  • Debate with Visiting Experts (Academic Society, Etc.)

    Target : Members of Academic Society, Experts, Etc.

    First : Korea Planning Association) November 15, (Second : Korean History Society) November 21, (Third : Korea Architects Institute ) December 11

  • Debate with Local Residents in Site meetings

    Target : Sajik-dong, Cheongunhyoja-dong, Buam-dong, Pyeongchang-dong, Samcheong-dong (Communication with local residents) November 1, (Local Debate) November 3
  • Online Etc. (October – December, 2019)

    Democracy Seoul  democracy.seoul.go.kr
  • First Grand Citizen Debate (Saturday December 7)
    Dongdaemun Design Plaza (DDP)
  • Second Grand Citizen Debate (Sunday December 15)
    Sejong Center for the Performing Arts

Establishment of Development Direction

  • Consultation with relevant institutions (Cultural Heritage Administration, Ministry of the Interior and Safety, etc.), meetings with officials concerned, Gwanghwamun Citizen Council, etc.
  • Establish development direction based on the result of communication with citizens, expert advice, and consultation with relevant institutions

Implementation of Design and Procedures

  • Seek expert advice, preliminary administrative procedures, and consultation with relevant departments
  • Continue to communicate with citizens through construction and operation processes

Revised Development Direction for Gwanghwamun Square in Accordance with Citizens' Opinion

Revised Development Direction for Gwanghwamun Square
in Accordance with Citizens' Opinion

Square Format

  • Partial Pedestrian Traffic 
  • Full Pedestrian Traffic

Development Stage

  • Temporary Completion
  • Phased Completion

Space Developed

  • Symbolism, Central Hub of the Nation
  • Square with Park Elements, Emphasis on Citizens’ Utilization of Park

Budget

  • Temporary Input
  • Reduce Budget, Phased Input
The contents of the page are subject to change when more information is disclosed with the progress of the project.